Today in History: WW1 Begins
Did you know that on July 28, 1914 Austria and Hungary declared war on Serbia? For, one month to the day, the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne, by Gavrilo Princip, a Yugoslav nationalist, had triggered one of the deadliest conflicts in human history. Germany invaded Belgium, Luxembourg, and France; Austria and Hungary invaded Serbia; Russia attacked Prussia; and more countries became involved, forming the Allies and Central Powers of World War I. Within four years, 15 million people had died.
By the end of the Great War, the Germans and Russians were defeated; the Austrian-Hungarian and Ottomon Empires had collapsed; Central Europe was re-mapped; and the League of Nations was formed to help prevent a future re-occurrence.
What do the newspapers of the day reveal about the tide of opinions and sentiments concerning the start of the First World War? How would politics and military history pan out in the decades to come? And why would conflict on a massive global scale never be repeated… a third time?
The following articles take us back in time to the beginning of the first World War, allowing us look back in hindsight. Headlines are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, a resources which serves to inspire research, as well as classroom learning and teaching.
- Soldiers Here Wait War Call. (1914, Jul 28). Chicago Daily Tribune (1872-1922)
- Special Cable to The Washington Post. (1914, Jul 28). Austria Invades Servia as Russia and England Strive to Avert a War. The Washington Post (1877-1922)
- By Martin H Donohue. Special Cable to The New York Times. (1914, Jul 29). War Drums Beating in Servian Capital. New York Times (1857-1922)
- War Formally Declared. (1914, Jul 29). The Washington Post (1877-1922)
- Nations That May Become Involved in War. (1914, Jul 29). San Francisco Chronicle (1869-Current File)
- War Declaration Thrills Austrians; Sharp Fight on the Drina Reported. (1914, Jul 29). The Washington Post (1877-1922)
- By H. R. Trevor-RoperLondon. (1954, Aug 01). World War I — Start of an Age of Violence. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- Special to The New York Times. (1961, Dec 04). Army Revives World War I Poster for New Campaign. New York Times (1923-Current File)
- By David Binder. Special to The New York Times. (1964, Jun 28). Sarajevo Marking First Shot of World War I. New York Times (1923-Current File)
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