Today in History: U.S. Coastguard Is Created

| January 28, 2019

1.-point-allerton-crew-in-gearOn January 28, 1915 the U.S. Coast Guard was created by an Act of Congress, combining the Life Saving Service and the Revenue Cutter Service. “The cutter service had been established by Congress in 1790, at the suggestion of Alexander Hamilton, to prevent smuggling; until the creation of the navy in 1798 it was the only U.S. armed service afloat. The Life Saving Service developed some years later. The U.S. Coast Guard subsequently absorbed the Lighthouse Service (1939) and the Bureau of Marine Inspection and Navigation (1942). In peacetime the Coast Guard is under the jurisdiction (since 2003) of the Dept. of Homeland Security; in wartime, and for such other periods as the president may direct, it is under the control of the navy. In addition to its rescue and antismuggling activities, the service enforces navigation rules and maintains jurisdiction over the regulations concerning the construction and equipment of merchant ships and over the licensing of merchant marine officers and seamen. It also operates and maintains weather ships, an ice patrol in the N Atlantic, and various navigational aids, including lighthouses, lightships, buoys, and loran stations. The Coast Guard Academy, for the training of officers, is located in New London, Conn.”
Coast Guard. (2018). In P. Lagasse, & Columbia University, The Columbia Encyclopedia (8th ed.). New York, NY: Columbia University Press.

The following articles are drawn from Proquest Historical Newspapers, which informs and inspires classroom teaching and learning.

Tips:

Images:

  • Point Allerton Crew, from “The Long Line Blue Line: Evolution of the Coast Guard’s Search and Rescue Mission”, in Coast Guard Compass
  • Special Side, Courtesy of EdLab Studios

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